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Who is at risk of diabetes?

Who is at risk for diabetes?2

Type 1 diabetes

The number of people who develop type 1 diabetes is increasing. The reasons for this are still unclear, but this may be due to changes in environmental risk factors and/or viral infections. The disease can affect people of any age, but it usually starts in children or young adults.

Type 2 diabetes

Although the exact causes of type 2 diabetes are still unclear, there are several important risk factors:

  • excess body weight
  • physical inactivity
  • ageing
  • prediabetes
  • poor nutrition, including high intake of sugar‐sweetened drinks
  • ethnicity
  • family history of diabetes
  • history of gestational diabetes

The number of people with type 2 diabetes is growing rapidly worldwide. This rise is in part related to ageing populations, economic development and increasing urbanisation, which can lead to less healthy eating and decreased physical activity.

 

2 IDF Diabetes Atlas (8th Ed.) (2017). International Diabetes Federation: Brussels, Belgium. Online version accessed 5 May, 2018 @ http://diabetesatlas.org/IDF_Diabetes_Atlas_8e_interactive_EN/

CO/LFS/0416/0039(1)