Who is at risk for diabetes?2
Type 1 diabetes
The number of people who develop type 1 diabetes is increasing. The reasons for this are still unclear, but this may be due to changes in environmental risk factors and/or viral infections. The disease can affect people of any age, but it usually starts in children or young adults.
Type 2 diabetes
Although the exact causes of type 2 diabetes are still unclear, there are several important risk factors:
- excess body weight
- physical inactivity
- poor nutrition, including high intake of sugar‐sweetened drinks
- family history of diabetes
- history of gestational diabetes
The number of people with type 2 diabetes is growing rapidly worldwide. This rise is in part related to ageing populations, economic development and increasing urbanisation, which can lead to less healthy eating and decreased physical activity.
2 IDF Diabetes Atlas (8th Ed.) (2017). International Diabetes Federation: Brussels, Belgium. Online version accessed 5 May, 2018 @ http://diabetesatlas.org/IDF_Diabetes_Atlas_8e_interactive_EN/