How is Diabetes Treated?

Medical Care Professional

How is Diabetes Treated?


The goal of any treatment plan for a person with diabetes is to control blood sugar and prevent health problems or complications. However, every person has unique needs, so you will need a specific care plan for your diabetes.

For more on Type 1 diabetes treatment.

For more and Type 2 diabetes treatment.

For more on gestational diabetes treatment.


It takes a team


Experts recommend a team approach to treating diabetes. You are the most important member of your diabetes team as you are the one affected by the condition and taking care of it every day.

You may involve family members or close friends who may help with meal planning and preparation, joining you for exercise, going with you for doctor visits, or just lending a willing ear. You may also want to look for diabetes support groups in your area.


Your diabetes health care team


Now let’s talk about who may be on your health care team. The members of your health care team will depend on several factors, including the specialists you may need to help you manage your diabetes and what is available to you in your health care system.

Here are some professionals who could make up your diabetes health care team:

  • Primary Care Provider: a healthcare provider you may see for general checkups or when you get sick.
  • Endocrinologist: A doctor with special training in hormone diseases, such as diabetes.
  • Diabetes Nurse Educator: a nurse with special training and experience in caring for and teaching people with diabetes and their families about diabetes.
  • Registered Dietitian: A professional trained in nutrition who can help you figure out how to make healthy food choices based on your nutrition needs, desired weight, lifestyle, medicines, and other health goals.
  • Eye Doctor (Ophthalmologist or Optometrist): a doctor who specializes in eye diseases including diabetic eye disease, and is trained to check for them.
  • Social Worker/Psychologist/Psychiatrist/Family Therapist: a mental health professional can help with the personal and emotional aspects of living and coping with diabetes.
  • Podiatrist: a doctor trained to treat foot and other problems of the lower legs.
  • Pharmacist: a healthcare professional who prepares and distributes medicine and can also give advice on taking diabetes and other medicines.
  • Dentist: a doctor who keeps your teeth and gums healthy.
  • Exercise Physiologist: a healthcare professional trained in the science of exercise who can help you effectively include exercise in your diabetes treatment plan.
  • Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE): CDEs may be nurses, dietitians, doctors, pharmacists, podiatrists, counselors, or other healthcare professionals who have special certification in diabetes.




American Diabetes Association. (ADA) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes–2018. Diabetes Care 2018; 41, Suppl. 1. Online version accessed Sept 9, 2019 @

US-VRF-1900019 (21-108)